Thursday, February 6, 2014

What are the maindifferences between MathuraSchool of Art and GandharaSchool of Art?

Gandhara School of art -
Theme is mainly
Buddhist,
depicting various
stories from the
life of Buddha.
Also, more
stress is given to
the bodily
features and
external beaty.
Sculptures were
made initially on
stone and later
on Stucco, both
grey in color.
This school is
influenced by
Greeco-Roman
techniques to a
greater extent.
One of the
reason is
definitely the
geographical
location of the
school.
Gandhara school
was heavily
influenced by
Greek
methodologies,
the figures were
more spiritual
and sculpted
mainly in grey,
and great detail
was paid to
exact depiction
of body parts.
Mathura school of art -
Theme may
vary from
Buddhist to
Brahmanical to
sometimes
secular.
More stress is
given to the
inner beauty and
facial emotions
rather than
bodily gesture.
Sculptures were
made on White-
spotted red
stones.
These were not
influenced by
Greeco-Roman
techniques to
that extent.
Several
Brahmanical
Dieties were
first crystallized
by this school.
For the Mathura
school, the
material was red
sandstone, and
they were
depicted as
more human and
less spiritual. It
was wholly
influenced by
Indian
sculptures.