Thursday, October 10, 2013

Nobel Prize

- Important
Facts to Remember
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1. The Nobel prizes are
given in accordance
with the will of Swedish
inventor of dynamite,
Alfred Nobel.
2. The first Nobel prize
was awarded in the
year 1901
3. The Nobel Prize award
ceremonies are held on
December 10 every
year, the anniversary
of Alfred Nobel's death
in 1896.
4. All the Nobel Prizes
are awarded in
Stockholm, Sweden
except for the Nobel
Peace Prize which is
awarded in Oslo,
Norway.
5. The Nobel Prizes were
initially given in FIVE
fields viz. Physics,
Chemistry, Medicine,
Peace and Literature.
6. Nobel Prize in the field
of Economic Sciences
were instituted in the
year 1969 with Ragnar
Frisch of Norway and
Jan Tinbergen of The
Netherlands being the
first recipients.
Nobel Laureates -
Important Facts
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1. The first woman to
be awarded the Nobel
Prize---Marie Curie for
Physics in 1903
2. The first person and
only woman to be
awarded the Nobel Prize
in two different fields
Marie Curie--- for
Physics in 1903 and for
Chemistry in 1911
3. The first man to be
awarded the Nobel Prize
in two different fields
Linus Pauling--- for
Chemistry in 1954 and
for Peace in 1962.
4. The first Asian (also
first Indian) to be
awarded the Nobel Prize
Rabindranath Tagore ---
for literature in 1913.
5. The first African
woman to be awarded
the Nobel Prize Wangari
Maathai from Kenya---
for peace in 2004
6. The first person to be
awarded Nobel Prize in
the field of Physics---
Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen
in 1901 for his
discovery of X-rays.
7. The first person to be
awarded Nobel Prize in
the field of Literature in
English language---Rudy
ard Kipling (of Jungle
Book fame) in 1907.
8. The first person to be
awarded Nobel Prize for
Peace---Jean Henry
Dunant, founder of
International Red Cross
in 1901, jointly with
Frédéric Passy, Founder
and President of first
French peace society.
9. The first woman to
be awarded Nobel Prize
for Peace--- Baroness
Bertha Sophie Felicita
von Suttner of Austria
in 1905
10. The youngest
person to be awarded
the Nobel Prize William
Lawrence Bragg - for
Physics in 1915 at the
age of 25 years (jointly
with his father, Sir
William Henry Bragg)
10. The youngest
person to be awarded
the Nobel Peace Prize
Tawakkol Karman--- of
Yemen at the age of 31
years in 2011 (jointly
with Ellen Johnson
Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee)
11. The only
organisation to be
awarded the Nobel Prize
thrice--- International
Committee of the Red
Cross - 1917, 1944 and
1963.
Nobel Prize Winners
from India
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1. Rabindranath Tagore
---Literature 1913
Because of his
profoundly sensitive,
fresh and beautiful
verse, by which, with
consummate skill, he
has made his poetic
thought, expressed in
his own English words, a
part of the literature of
the West.
2. C.V. Raman---Physics
1930 For his work on
the scattering of light
and for the discovery
of the effect named
after him.
3. Har Gobind
Khorana*--- Medicine
1968 For their
interpretation of the
genetic code and its
function in protein
synthesis.
4. Mother Teresa
Peace---1979
Humanitarian work.
5. Subrahmanyam
Chandrasekhar---
Physics 1983 For his
theoretical studies of
the physical processes
of importance to the
structure and evolution
of the stars.
6. Amartya Sen---
Economic Sciences 1998
For his contributions to
welfare economics.
7. Venkatraman
Ramakrishnan**---
Chemistry 2009 For
studies of the
structure and function
of the ribosome.
Nobel Prize Winners -
Presidents/Prime
Ministers of other
countries
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1. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf--
Liberia (President)--Pe
ace--2011
2. Kim Dae Jung--South
Korea (President)--Pe
ace--2000
3. Yitzhak Rabin--Israel
(PM)--Peace--1994
4. Frederik Willem de
Klerk--South Africa
(President)--Pe
ace---1993
5. Mikhail Gorbachev--
Soviet Union (President)
--Peace--1990
6. Oscar Arias Sánchez--
Costa Rica (President)--
Peace--1987
7. Anwar al-Sadat--
Egypt (President)--Pe
ace--1978
8. Menachem Begin--
Israel (PM)--Peace--1978
9. Eisaku Sato--Japan
(PM)*--Peace--1974
10. Willy Brandt--Chancel
lor Germany--Peace-
-1971
11. Sir Winston
Churchill--United
Kingdom (PM)--Literatur
e--1953